World-famous Korean Silk
Korean silk with a long history is well known to the world for its lightness, hardwearing nature, softness and beautiful patterns. Silk is a natural fiber woven of cocoon thread.
Korea began to produce silk from ancient times together with hemp cloth and ramie cloth. In the periods of the Three Kingdoms (early 3rd century B.C.-middle 7th century A.D.), more than ten kinds of silks came into being with brisk silkworm-raising in the whole areas and their colors and patterns were diversified to be spread to a neighboring country.
The silk-weaving technology was further developed in the period of Koryo Kingdom (918-1392) and silks were called "Koryo silks" for their quality and beauty.
During the Feudal Joson Dynasty (1392-1910) silk producers appeared in areas where many mulberries grew and water was good. Famous were silks produced in Nyongbyon and Songchon of Phyongan Province, Kumya, Jongphyong, Kowon and Riwon of Hamgyong Province, Cholwon of Kangwon Province, Suan of Hwanghae Province, etc.
Oaju (white silk like fish tooth) and Johaju (beautiful silk like morning glow) found their way to foreign markets.
Silks fresh in summer and warm in winter were used for quality cloths for bounce and softness.
The silk production is increasing in the DPRK under the leadership of the Workers' Party of Korea, contributing to improving the people's standard of living.
Recently, the Nyongbyon Silk Mill and other silk production bases are producing quality silks suited to the tastes of the people by introducing a new silk-weaving method, and quilts, ramie cloths and other new silk goods are enjoying popularity at public service amenities.
Meanwhile, the silk-weaving technology has been registered as one of national intangible heritages in the country.