Juche109(2020) / 5 / 22 /
Horse Riding, One of Customs of Korean Nation
The Korean nation has long liked horse riding, fully displaying its wisdom and courage.
It is well evidenced by such harness as bit discovered at graves dating back to Ancient Korea (early 30th century B.C.-108 B.C.).
People in the period of Koguryo Kingdom (B.C. 277-A.D. 668) enjoyed horse riding and regarded it and archery as an important estimation level when selecting talents. The bravery features of Koguryo people competing with each other in wielding spear and sword and hitting target with bow and arrow on horses can be seen in mural paintings of Yaksu-ri and Tokhung-ri tombs dating back to the kingdom.
According to Samguksagi (Chronicles of the Three Kingdoms published in 1145) and the monument to the Mausoleum of King Kwanggaetho (built in 414), armored cavalry of Koguryo played a big role in national defence. Mural paintings at the mausoleum of King Kogukwon (fourth century) and Posongri Mural Tomb (third century) are typical of them showing the armored cavalry.
Horse riding was very popular in the periods of Koryo Dynasty (918-1392) and Feudal Joson Dynasty (1392-1910), too.
Koryo instituted it as a law to teach horse riding and archery among youngsters. And skills on horseback like headstand were conspicuous in the period of Feudal Joson Dynasty.